Tips on effective use of tables and figures in research papers Key takeaways: Tables and figures are great tools to present sizeable amounts of complex data in a space-saving, easy-to-understand way.
Courses in Technical Writing One of the nice things about technical writing courses is that most of the papers have graphics in them—or at least they should. A lot of professional, technical writing contains graphics—drawings, diagrams, photographs, illustrations of all sorts, tables, pie charts, bar charts, line graphs, flow charts, and so on.
Once you get the hang of putting graphics like these into your writing, you should consider yourself obligated to use graphics whenever the situation naturally would call for them.
Tables Tables, of course, are those rows and columns of numbers and words, mostly numbers. They permit rapid access to and relatively easy comparison of information.
If the data is arranged chronologically for example, sales figures over a ten-year periodthe table can show trends—patterns of rising or falling activity.
Of course, tables are not necessarily the most vivid or dramatic means of showing such trends or relationships between data—that's why we have charts and graphs discussed in the next section.
The biggest use of tables is for numerical data. Imagine that you are comparing different models of laser printers in terms of physical characteristics such as height, depth, length, weight, and so on.
Perfect for a table. However, don't get locked into the notion that tables are strictly for numerical data. Whenever you have situations where you discuss several things about which you provide the same categories of detail, you've got a possibility for a table.
For example, imagine that you were comparing several models of a laser printer: This is ideal stuff for a table, and it would be mostly words rather than numbers and in this case, you'd probably want to leave the textual discussion where it is and "re-present" the information in table form.
In its simplest form, a table is a group of rows and columns of data. At the top of each column is a column heading, which defines or identifies the contents of that column and often it indicates the unit of measurement.
On the left edge of the table may be row headings, which define or identify the contents of that row. Things get tricky when rows or columns must be grouped or subdivided.
In such cases, you have to create row or column subheadings.
This is illustrated here: Format for tables with grouped or subdivided rows and columns. Notice that the table title goes above the table. Traditionally, the title of a table is placed on top of the table or is the first row of the table.Check your writing: picture matching - describing changes in bar charts.
Check your writing: matching - useful language. Check your writing: gap fill - prepositions.
I am not a big fan of graphs and charts, but sometimes it can be useful, especially in study, it helps to understand something more clearly. up. Writing about Graphs and Charts IELTS Writing task 1 (Academic Module) requires you to write a description of information given in graphical form.
This . Graphs are. a way of exploring the relationships in data; a way of displaying and reporting data, making it easier to report patterns and relationships, shapes of distributions, and trends.
One of the nice things about technical writing courses is that most of the papers have graphics in them—or at least they should. A lot of professional, technical writing contains graphics—drawings, diagrams, photographs, illustrations of all sorts, tables, pie charts, bar charts, line graphs.
Incorporating Tables and Figures Effectively Into Your Writing 1. The essential basic elements Table has a descriptive title which is numbered for easy referencing within the text graphs and charts are less precise but are generally.
Writing task one: tables. You will be given one table of figures. Your task is to describe the information given in the graph by writing a word report. You are not asked to give your opinion. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the table below.
Write at least words.