Crucified for the redemption of sins and resurrected after three days. Never crucified; taken to the Heavens. None would be acceptable to any of the three faiths. Coming to the third type of differences on conceptions of the Real, Dr.
Professor of Finance at University of North Florida Pluralism in Islam -- Between Scripture and Praxis Muslim scholars, political leaders and civic society must emphasize the pluralistic message of the Quran and urgently address the pervasive exclusivist attitude among many Muslims.
When she suggested to Akef that the verses in the Quran regarding women's dress have several interpretations, Akef replied, " There are no different interpretations. There is just one interpretation. Do such attitudes reflect the core values of the Quran and the historical diversity among Muslims?
The Pew survey "The World's Muslims: Unity and Diversity"which was conducted in 39 countries covering nearly 67 percent of the world's Muslim population, showed strong consensus among Muslims regarding devotional practices.
Nearly 9 out of 10 fast during Ramadan, 7 in 10 give zakat charityand 6 in 10 pray five times each day. Almost percent declare their faith in God and believe that Muhammad salla Allahu 'alayhi wa sallam is God's Prophet and Messenger.
However, beyond such basic agreements, there is divergence in thought and actions, particularly as it relates to the religious pluralism. Attitude of Muslims towards intra-faith pluralism is varied and often elusive.
Nearly 1 in 5 Muslims, do not consider Sufis to be Muslims, with a high mark of 44 percent in Egypt. Such opinions overlook the role played by Sufi orders in the spread of Islam.
Equally concerning, nearly 1 in 4 Muslims do not consider Shias as Muslims. Egypt, the most populous Arab nation, tops the charts with 52 percent. However, in three countries where Shias constitute the majority of the population Azerbaijan, Iraq and Lebanonon average less than 6 percent of the respondents disregard Shias as Muslims.
The picture for inter-faith pluralism is also gloomy. A Pew report "The Great Divide: How Westerners and Muslims View Each Other" showed Muslims viewed Westerners as selfish, arrogant and violent, while Westerners viewed Muslims as fanatical, violent and arrogant.
Examining the fallout from the publication of cartoons about Prophet Muhammad in a Danish newspaper, the report noted, "By wide margins, Westerners who had heard of the controversy believe that Muslim intolerance is principally to blame for the controversy, while Muslims, by even more lopsided majorities, see Western disrespect for the Islamic religion as the root of the problem.
Theological doctrines on salvation is an important issue in all religions. How such doctrines are put into practice may dictate attitudes towards interfaith relations.
A Pew survey titled, "The World's Muslims: Religion, Politics and Society" show that on average median only 18 percent of Muslims believe that people of other faiths may inherit heaven. In Pakistan, Egypt, Iraq, and Malaysia 9 in 10 Muslims believe that "Islam is the one true faith leading to eternal life in heaven.
Muslims - Views on Religion and Society in a Global Context"56 percent believe that many religions can lead to eternal life. On arguably one of the most important questions that consume people of all faiths there is impressive diversity of opinions. However, the parochial views in major Muslim-majority countries ought to elicit concerns.
Although hardline conservatives often deny the salvific value of other faiths, Muslim scholars Ibn Taymiyya and Ibn Qayyim noted that while heaven is eternal, hell is not. Al-Ghazali and Ibn Arabi inferred that the mercy of God cannot be held in such low estimation as to conceive that salvation is only attainable by Muslims.
Mohammed Hassan Khalil, in his University of Michigan doctoral dissertation, "Muslim Scholarly Discussions on Salvation and the Fate of 'Others'," concludes that given the wide variety of opinions about the salvific fate of people of other faiths, Muslims should avoid one-dimensional answers to questions regarding salvation.
Verses such as, "If God had so willed, He would have made you one community, Abdulaziz Sachedina, professor of Islamic Studies at George Mason University, in his book the " The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism ," cites chapter 2 verse to argue about the pluralistic vision of Islam, "Mankind was a single community, then God sent prophets to bring good news and warning, and with them He sent the Scripture with the Truth, to judge between people in their disagreements.
Contemporary Turkish scholar, Fethullah Gulen stressed in a Fountain magazine article titled, " The Necessity of Interfaith Dialogue ," that Muslims cannot remain prisoners of their history and act out of "political partisanship" while cloaking it in the "garb" of Islam.
He noted that Islam made history's greatest ecumenical call by stating in the Quran, "Say, 'People of the Book, let us arrive at a statement that is common to us all In a multi-cultural, multi-religious world, it is necessary to "celebrate diversity," which requires knowledge of the "other.
Eck notes, "Pluralism is the process of creating a society through critical and self-critical encounter with one another, acknowledging, rather than hiding, our deepest differences" and a commitment to nurture constructive dialogues.
Practicing pluralism holds out hope for a deeper human shared dignity. For many Muslims, religious pluralism evokes deep-seated fears about Western-inspired secular relativism, given the absence of exact Quranic or Hadith terms about pluralism.Jun 30, · Pluralism in Islam -- Between Scripture and Praxis Muslim scholars, political leaders and civic society must emphasize the pluralistic message of the Quran and urgently address the pervasive.
An indepth discussion on the Islamic perspective of Religious Pluralism. This book offers rational answers to questions such as: will the great inventors and scientists, .
We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. In this quote, she points out the pluralism of Islam (according to the Koran), which recognizes all of the prophets who came before Islam (meaning the prophets of the Old and New testaments) as divinely-inspired; clearly, this works against the popular image of Islam as inherently hateful and intolerant.
“Religious pluralism” in the theological sense means a concept in which all religions are considered to be equally true and valid. Social Pluralism As far as social pluralism is concerned, Islām seeks for peaceful co-existence and mutual tolerance between the people of different religions and cultures.
Religious pluralism is a controversial subject in Islam. The primary sources that guide Islam, namely Quran and hadiths, offer contradictory positions on religious pluralism.   Some verses support religious pluralism, while others discourage it.