Hurricane andrew

Florida[ change change source ] An entire Miami neighborhood is leveled.

Hurricane andrew

Andrew was a small and ferocious Cape Verde hurricane that wrought unprecedented economic devastation along a path through the northwestern Bahamas, the southern Florida peninsula, and south-central Louisiana.

Damage in the United States is estimated to be near 25 billion, making Andrew the most expensive natural disaster in U.

In Dade County alone, the forces of Andrew resulted in 15 deaths and up to one-quarter million people left temporarily homeless. An additional 25 lives were lost in Dade County from the indirect effects of Andrew 2. The direct loss of life seems remarkably low considering the destruction caused by this hurricane.

Synoptic History Satellite pictures and upper-air data indicate that Hurricane Andrew formed from a tropical wave that crossed from the west coast of Africa to the tropical North Atlantic Ocean on 14 August The wave moved westward at about 20 kt, steered by a swift and deep easterly current on the south side of an area of high pressure.

The wave passed to the south of the Cape Verde Islands on the following day. Convection subsequently became more focused in a region of cyclonic cloud rotation.

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Narrow spiral-shaped bands of clouds developed around the center of rotation on 16 August. The depression was initially embedded in an environment of easterly vertical wind shear. By midday on the 17th, however, the shear diminished.

The depression grew stronger and, at UTC 17 August, it became Andrew, the first Atlantic tropical storm of the hurricane season. The tropical cyclone continued moving rapidly on a heading which turned from west to west-northwest.

This course was in the general direction of the Lesser Antilles.

Hurricanes in History

Between the 17th and 20th of August, the tropical storm passed south of the center of the high pressure area over the eastern Atlantic. Steering currents carried Andrew closer to a strong upper-level low pressure system centered about n mi to the east-southeast of Bermuda and to a trough that extended southward from the low for a few hundred miles.

These currents gradually changed and Andrew decelerated on a course which became northwesterly. This change in heading spared the Lesser Antilles from an encounter with Andrew.

Effects of Hurricane Andrew in Florida - Wikipedia Hurricane Andrew was the strongest and most devastating hurricane on record to hit southern Florida. Andrew was a Category 5 at landfall, with maximum sustained winds of mph and a minimum central pressure of millibars.
Strength refers to maximum sustained wind speed upon striking land. It was later noted that if Andrew had been slightly larger or had made landfall a few miles further north, it would have significantly affected Miami and Fort Lauderdalewhich would have resulted in an even higher damage and death toll.
Although effects from Andrew were catastrophic, the extent of damage was limited mainly from Kendall south to Key Largo due to the small wind field of the storm.

The change in track also brought the tropical storm into an environment of strong southwesterly vertical wind shear and quite high surface pressures to its north.

Although the estimated maximum wind speed of Andrew varied little then, a rather remarkable evolution occurred. Satellite images suggest that Andrew produced deep convection only sporadically for several days, mainly in several bursts of about 12 hours duration.

Also, the deep convection did not persist. Instead, it was stripped away from the low-level circulation by the strong southwesterly flow at upper levels. Air Force Reserve unit reconnaissance aircraft investigated Andrew and, on the 20th, found that the cyclone had degenerated to the extent that only a diffuse low-level circulation center remained.

Nevertheless, the flight-level data indicated that Andrew retained a vigorous circulation aloft. Wind speeds near 70 kt were measured at an altitude of ft near a convective band lying to the northeast of the low-level center.

Hence, Andrew is estimated on 20 August to have been a tropical storm with 40 kt surface winds and an astonishingly high central pressure of mb Figs. Significant changes in the large-scale environment near and downstream from Andrew began by 21 August.

Satellite imagery in the water vapor channel indicated that the low aloft to the east-southeast of Bermuda weakened and split. The bulk of the low opened into a trough which retreated northward.Aug 24,  · Hurricane Andrew still haunts Florida 25 years later.

One of the few hurricanes to hit the U.S. as a Category 5, the memories of Hurricane Andrew still haunt those who lived through it. Please note that the following list is not exhaustive and does not include every notable storm in history.

Hurricane andrew

GALVESTON ; ATLANTIC-GULF ; MIAMI ; SAN FELIPE-OKEECHOBEE ; FLORIDA KEYS LABOR DAY ; NEW ENGLAND ; GREAT ATLANTIC ; CAROL AND EDNA ; HAZEL ; CONNIE AND DIANE ; AUDREY ; DONNA ; CAMILLE ; AGNES .

The effects of Hurricane Andrew in Florida proved to be at the time the costliest disaster in the state's history, as well as the then-costliest on record in the United States. Hurricane Andrew formed from a tropical wave on August 16, in the tropical Atlantic monstermanfilm.com moved west-northwest and remained weak for several days due to strong wind shear.

Hurricane andrew

Andrew was a small and ferocious Cape Verde hurricane that wrought unprecedented economic devastation along a path through the northwestern Bahamas, the southern Florida peninsula, and south-central Louisiana. Damage in the United States is estimated to be near 25 billion, making Andrew the most expensive natural disaster in U.S.

history monstermanfilm.com tropical cyclone struck southern Dade County. Andrew was the costliest hurricane to make landfall anywhere in the United States until Hurricane Katrina in Andrew left major damage in its wake from the Bahamas and Louisiana. Hurricane Andrew was a small but powerful storm that caused massive destruction along a path through southern Florida and south-central Louisiana in late August Rainfall associated with Andrew was light for a hurricane because of the small size and rapid forward movement of the storm.

Effects of Hurricane Andrew in Florida - Wikipedia