Origins of Abnormal Psychology Psychological ailments are not just a present-day problem.
Contact Author Ancient Views Specialists who have studied bones, artwork and remnants of ancient societies have noticed that the societies probably regarded abnormal behavior as the work of evil spirits.
Most ancient societies believed that all events around and within them were from the actions of magical, possibly sinister, beings who controlled the entire world.
Oct 15, · Psychogenic - This is the view that the chief causes of abnormal functioning are often psychological. Greek and Roman physicians believed many mental disorders are caused by fear, disappointment in love, and other psychological events. Even so, the psychogenic perspective did not gain much attention until hypnotism Reviews: 5. Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology Lisa Caughell PSY/ March 30, Analu Sing Running head; HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES OF ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY 1 Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology 2 Abnormal psychology, also known as psychopathology focuses on abnormal behavior, how it is defined, how can it be explained, how it is classified, and how to treat . Abnormal psychology is an integral part of psychology. It studies abnormal behavior, makes attempts to understand the abnormal and then take appropriate measures in order to change it. The concept of abnormal behavior changed in the course of time from individual to individual, from culture to culture.
In particular, they viewed the human body and mind as battlegrounds for good and evil to fight over. Abnormal behavior was seen as a victory for evil spirits, where the cure was to force the demons from a victim's body. This view might have existed in the stone age as skulls from that period, which were found in Europe and South America, show evidence of an operation known as trephination.
In this operation, a stone instrument was used to cut away a circular section of the skull. Trephination was used for individuals with hallucinations, seeing or hearing things that are not there, or melancholia, extreme sadness, and immobility.
The reason for removing pieces of the skull was to release the evil spirits that were supposedly causing the problem. However, trephination may have been used to remove bone splinters or blood clots caused by stone weapons during tribal warfare.
Even so, it is certain that societies believed abnormal behavior was related to demonic possessions. The treatment for abnormality in religious societies was more related to exorcisms. The idea was to coax evil spirits to leave the person or to make the person's body uncomfortable for the spirit to force them to leave.
A priest would recite prayers, plead with the evil spirits, insult the spirits, make loud noises, or have the person drink bitter poisons. If these exorcisms failed, the priest would preform a more extreme form of exorcism involving making that person uncomfortable including whipping or starvation.
Greek and Roman Views For 1, years, philosophers and physicians gave different explanations for abnormal behaviors. Hippocrates taught that illnesses had natural causes. His perception of abnormal behavior was as a disease from internal physical problems.
He believed a form of brain pathology was the reason and resulted from an imbalance of the four humors, fluids that flowed through the body.
The four humors were as follows: Too much yellow bile caused mania, a state of frenzied activity. An excess of black bile caused melancholia, unshakable sadness. To treat the dysfunctioning humors, Hippocrates attempted to correct the levels of bile.
He believed the black bile could be reduced by a quiet life, a diet of vegetables, temperence, exercise, celibacy, and bleeding. Other philosophers who believed in this theory include Plato and Aristotle.
Behavior was viewed as a conflict between good and evil. Who would be triumphant? God or the Devil? Society blamed the devil for troubles such as war, urban uprisings and plagues.
Abnormal behavior increased greatly and outbreaks of mass madness, where large numbers of people shared delusions and hallucinations. Another disorder, tarantism, became known where groups of people would suddenly start to jump, dance, and go into convulsions. These people believed they had been bitten by a spider, the tarantula, and danced to cure their disorder.
Yet again, exorcisms were brought back to the light. Priests would plead, chant or pray to make the evil spirits flee.
If the exorcism did not work, torture was performed. When the Middle Ages came to a close, demonology and its methods were lost from view. Medical theories of abnormality took religion's place to help the mentally ill.
|History of Abnormal Psychology | Owlcation||Although its history is merely years old, its story is richly textured.|
|Total Pageviews||This blog contains papers written by the author on various topics related to psychology.|
Lunacy trials were held in England to determine the sanity of individuals. Sometimes a hit of the head or fear of one's father were held responsible for an individual's unusual behavior.
During these years, many individuals with psychological disturbances received treatment in medical hospitals in England.
The Renaissance and the Birth of Asylums In the early Renaissance, cultural and scientific activity bloomed. Individuals with mental disorders improved at home while their families were aided financially by the local parish.
Religious shrines were devoted to the humane and loving treatment of people with mental disorders that were visited by people from miles away to gain psychic healing. Community mental health programs began at this time to give loving care and respectful treatment.With abnormal psychology there are six major concepts in classifying and defining it as abnormal.
(Hansell & Demour, ) Concepts The first concept in defining abnormal psychology is to define and understand abnormality. Abnormal psychology is an integral part of psychology.
It studies abnormal behavior, makes attempts to understand the abnormal and then take appropriate measures in order to change it.
The concept of abnormal behavior changed in the course of time from individual to individual, from culture to culture. The history of abnormal psychology began around the fourth century B.C - Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology Essay introduction.
that consists of three fundamental core concepts; the cultural and historical relativism for adaptability to provide perspectives on the abnormality of the mind.
The related principle of abnormal psychology is in the connection between the mind and the body that . Oct 15, · Psychogenic - This is the view that the chief causes of abnormal functioning are often psychological.
Greek and Roman physicians believed many mental disorders are caused by fear, disappointment in love, and other psychological events. Even so, the psychogenic perspective did not gain much attention until hypnotism Reviews: 5.
Week 1 Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology PSY Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology The best theoretical model incorporates aspects of multiple theories, recognizing that historically, psychology is a very young science, as is the field abnormal psychology.
Abnormal Psychology: The field of abnormal psychology is a scientific discipline that focuses on examining the causes of mental dysfunction or abnormal behavior.
Some of the major areas of study in this field include emotional disturbance, psychopathology, mental illness, and maladjustment.