Rafiq Elmansy 0 Comments Critical Thinking On a daily basis, we face problems and situations that should be evaluated and solved, and we are challenged to understand different perspectives to think about these situations. Most of us are building our cognitive thinking based on previous similar situations or experiences. However, this may not guarantee a better solution for a problemas our decision may be affected by emotions, non-prioritized facts, or other external influences that reflect on the final decision.
Print view The ability to think critically is a key skill for academic success. It means not taking what you hear or read at face value, but using your critical faculties to weigh up the evidence, and considering the implications and conclusions of what the writer is saying.
On the first, you are on a country walk and you come across a notice which tells you not to attempt to climb a fence because of risk of electrocution.
Would you pause to consider before obeying this instruction?
On the other hand, suppose you were to receive a letter from a local farmer announcing that he proposed to put up an electric fence to protect a certain field. In this case, would you not be more likely to think about his reasons for doing so and what the implications would be for you and your family?
In the first case, you are thinking reactively and in the second, you are thinking critically. An allied skill is the ability to analyse — that is, to read or listen for the following points: How robust are the points presented as evidence? Does the author have a coherent argument, and do the points follow through logically from one another or are their breaks in the sense?
Can you spot flaws?
Is the conclusion clearly presented? Are there signs of bias or persuasion in the language, such as use of emotional appeal, or indications that the author adheres to a particular school of thought or methodological perspective an example here might be that of someone whose methodological approach was strongly quantitative, or qualitative?
How do the views presented differ from those of others in the field? The key to critical thinking is to develop an impersonal approach which looks at arguments and facts and which lays aside personal views and feelings.
This is because academic discourse is based according to key principles which are described as follows by Northedge Critical and analytical thinking should be applied at all points in academic study - to selecting information, reading, writing, speaking and listening.
Of these, learning to read and evaluate information critically is perhaps the most important skill, which if acquired can then be applied to other areas.
Selecting information critically The first stage in reading critically is to exercise care in the information you use - how trustworthy is it? For printed material, consider: For books, who is the publisher? Is it a reputable academic publisher?
For journal articles, does the article appear in an academic journal? Your tutor should be able to tell you what the leading journals are in your field.
For both, who is the author and does he or she come from a respectable academic organization?Reflective thinking as opposed to unreflective thinking when one jumps to conclusions and makes snap decisions. Critical thinking requires the interpretation and evaluation of observations, communications and other sources of information.
Critical thinking is essentially an active process. If being “uninvolved alienated” with other students* is increasing your critical thinking skills, then a lot of mental illnesses and disabilities should correlate positively with critical thinking or at least should dampen the negative effects of said illnesses.
Quite simply, writing is both a process of doing critical thinking and a product communicating the results of critical thinking. Writing instruction goes sour whenever writing is conceived primarily as a “communication skill” rather than as a process and product of critical thought. Critical Thinking and Writing Student Learning Advisory Service.
• Critical writing is a process that involves using a range of writing skills as well as personal qualities –Most people find critical writing a challenge •Often academic writing is full of technical jargon.
The ability to think critically is a key skill for academic success. It means not taking what you hear or read at face value, but using your critical faculties to weigh up the evidence, and considering the implications and conclusions of what the writer is saying.
The Skills We Need for Critical Thinking. The skills that we need in order to be able to think critically are varied and include observation, analysis, interpretation, reflection, evaluation, inference, explanation, problem solving, and decision making.