Citations A People's History of the United States by Howard Zinn is most likely not the version of our own country's dramatic, sometimes ugly history the majority of us learned growing up. Howard Zinn presents a view of the American past, as it began with Columbus' touch down in the West Indies, in a light that is not purportedly favorable toward the American rise of Democracy and capitalism, but is instead realistic as to the cost of human life, and the toll on quality of life. This covers those groups who were and are oppressed, exploited, murdered, and taken advantage of in the great explosive growth of the Americas.
This covers those groups who were and are oppressed, exploited, murdered, and taken advantage of in the great explosive growth of the Americas.
This particular page focuses on Chapters 1 and 7, which deal with colonial effect on Native Americans. The native inhabitants, the Arawak Indians, swam out to greet the European boats the first time they landed see Morning Girlby Michael Dorris. With 50 men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want Zinn, 1.
The Spaniards main goal was to prove to the royalty back home that the islands were rich and loaded with resources, mainly gold.
Columbus took some natives back to show the queen they died en routeand when he came back with many more men and many more ships, they began a regimented system of slavery and punishment on the natives of the West Indies.
All reports speak of the friendliness of the Arawaks, of their genuine kindness and hospitality, and of their generosity. Columbus and his men were excited over the gold earrings some of the Arawaks wore. This is what escalated the rapid, excited mad dash for gold in the islands they had to make money for Spanish investors.
The men took slaves and enforced mandatory mining on the natives, who, if found without the proper coin around their necks to prove they had brought in enough gold, were then murdered.
The invasion of the West Indies resulted in a complete genocide. Zinn goes on to recapitualte similar conquests by people such as Cortes, Pizarro, and the English settlers of Virginia and Massachusetts see the Colonizers page. Cortez was greeted as a god by the Aztecs, whom, after enduring repeated deception and enormous Spanish-documented slaughter, were completely destroyed by the Spanish for their gold and silver.
Pizarro mirrored the horrifying tactics of Cortes in Peru to totally decimate the Inca culture. It is noted that the natives of the eastern shore were also friendly during initial encounters with whites, though when one native stole a silver cup, an English captain and his men torched an entire Indian village in retribution.
More people came from Europe, and more space was needed. The colonists forced an awful choice on the natives: Thomas Jefferson engineered the purchase of the Louisiana Territory, doubling the size of the country.
He told congress that the Indians should be encouraged to farm small plots of land, to quit hunting, to trade with whites and to incur debts that they would have to pay off with huge tracts of land.
Two measures are deemed expedient. First to encourage them to abandon hunting Secondly, To Multiply trading houses among them Andrew Jackson instructed an army Major to tell the Choctaws and Cherokees that they would be given land, outside of the state of Missippi their homeland in which they could be free, and he would protect them as their white father.
Forced migration and land grubbing by the whites eventually encompassed the entire continent. Teaching Here are some study questions and some ideas to consider when reading and talking about this book in a class.
Do you feel it is more just to present him as a hero, or as Zinn does in Chapter 1? Given some of the poverty and religious oppression going on in Europe at the time of the colonization of America, do you feel the Westward surge of white-occupancy on Indian land was justified?
Talk about this justification, and what you think might be right about it, and what you think might be wrong and dangerous about it.At this point, A People's History Of The United States is available in regular form, read aloud on audio, on posters, in a teaching edition, and as just the twentieth century chapters (we have all but the posters).
But this very marginalization of the indigenous peoples has made it easier for the rest of us to view what we thought were the main lines of US history as though these evolved on their own, largely disconnected from that process of conquest.
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A People’s History of the United States Chapter 5 Abstract Chapter 5 continues to cover the American Revolution, illustrates different views on the war, the American’s expansion into the West, and the continued inequalities of the poor and rich in the United States.
TEACHING GUIDE – CHAPTER 7 – “INDIAN REMOVAL” “Manifest Destiny”: The phrase is evocative of so many things that Euro-Americans call progress: populating the west with hard-working settlers, expanding profitable agriculture and industry, sharing the attributes of democracy and Christianity, and removing the Indians.
A People's History of the United States retells American history with a focus on the stories that don't typically make it into mainstream historical .