Among other activities ISOC provides an administrative home for a number of less formally organized groups that are involved in developing and managing the Internet, including: List of countries by number of Internet users and List of countries by Internet connection speeds map showing submarine fiberoptic telecommunication cables around the world. The communications infrastructure of the Internet consists of its hardware components and a system of software layers that control various aspects of the architecture.
Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research http: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http: The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on http: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
Abstract Background The rapid expansion of the Internet has increased the ease with which the public can obtain medical information. Most research on the utility of the Internet for health purposes has evaluated the quality of the information itself or examined its impact on clinical populations.
Little is known about the consequences of its use by the general population. Objective Is use of the Internet by the general population for health purposes associated with a subsequent change in psychological well-being and health?
Sep 08, · The Internet and the Web constitute the technological infrastructure of the global network society, and the understanding of their logic is a key field of monstermanfilm.com: Manuel Castells. The everyday use of ‘effect’ is the noun, meaning ‘result’ (the effect of this has been to make him proud) or ‘influence’ (he has had such an effect on me). Confusion arises in this last case, where the noun ‘the effect’ (his words have had such an effect on me) would correspond with the verb ‘affect’ (his words have. As a child, grandpa would take me in the stores and show me different things that he is done. He was always the most proud of the Kellogg’s logo. And the left hand side of a Kellogg’s cereal box there was an icon that looked a lot like the NBC News logo.
Are the effects different for healthy versus ill individuals? Does the impact of using the Internet for health purposes differ from the impact of other types of Internet use? Methods Data come from a national US panel survey of individuals conducted from to Across three surveys, respondents described their use of the Internet for different purposes, indicated whether they had any of 13 serious illnesses or were taking care of someone with a serious illnessand reported their depression.
In the initial and final surveys they also reported on their physical health. Lagged dependent variable regression analysis was used to predict changes in depression and general health reported on a later survey from frequency of different types of Internet use at an earlier period, holding constant prior depression and general health, respectively.
Statistical interactions tested whether uses of the Internet predicted depression and general health differently for people who initially differed on their general health, chronic illness, and caregiver status.
Results Health-related Internet use was associated with small but reliable increases in depression ie, increasing use of the Internet for health purposes from 3 to 5 days per week to once a day was associated with.
In contrast, using the Internet for communication with friends and family was associated with small but reliable decreases in depression ie, increasing use of the Internet for communication with friends and family purposes from 3 to 5 days per week to once a day was associated with.
Conclusions Using the Internet for health purposes was associated with increased depression. The increase may be due to increased rumination, unnecessary alarm, or over-attention to health problems. Additionally, those with unmeasured problems or those more prone to health anxiety may self-select online health resources.
In contrast, using the Internet to communicate with friends and family was associated with declines in depression. This finding is comparable to other studies showing that social support is beneficial for well-being and lends support to the idea that the Internet is a way to strengthen and maintain social ties.
Depression, health, social support, Internet, longitudinal survey Introduction The rapid expansion of the Internet has greatly increased the amount of health information available to the general public. Although prior research has shown that use of the Internet to communicate with friends and family is associated with declines in depression [ 5 ], little reliable information exists about the impact of using the Internet to obtain health resources, especially in nonclinical populations [ 6 - 8 ].
The current study used data from a national US random household sample survey to address the impact of Internet use to obtain health information and support on well-being and health.
We also examined whether these effects differed for people with differing levels of health and caregiver status, and whether these well-being associations were present for other types of Internet use. Health Resources Online Traditionally, physicians held and filtered health information for the general public [ 9 ].
Given the easy availability of health information online, people can now bypass medical professionals entirely and find information, advice, support, and even treatments eg, pharmaceuticals and herbal remedies on the Internet [ 6 ].
Online communities and support groups allow people to talk about their health problems with others and are popular both as a source of social support and as a primary source of information [ 10 - 12 ]. Online communities and support groups also provide support to caregivers and the families of people with serious health problems [ 13 ].
Much of the research examining the effects of these online health resources has examined its use by groups with a specific illness or disease [ 14 ]. However, they are one source for the popular belief that use of the Internet for health purposes can improve well-being.
Many studies of online health resources include the caregivers of the chronically ill in the sample [ 21 ] because of the high levels of stress experienced by this population as well as their strong interest in the health of those they care for [ 22 ].
Overall, little is known about the extent to which individuals with health problems or caregivers of the ill benefit from having unfettered access to online health information and support. Although having a serious illness is one factor that leads people to use the Internet for medical purposes [ 23 ], there are also millions of healthy individuals who use online health resources [ 2425 ].
About three-quarters of visitors to one health website had no particular health condition or illness, and half of searches concerned another person [ 18 ]. They may also be seeking information about their own minor or ambiguous symptoms or looking into other health-relevant concerns such as baldness or weight loss.
While this type of Internet use in healthy individuals seems harmless, these individuals may receive unnecessary or alarming information about minor problems [ 26 ] and may focus too much attention on disease processes and symptoms, leading them to ruminate about their health [ 27 ].
Rumination increases pessimism [ 28 ] and increases depression symptoms [ 29 ]. Online health websites might even lead people to purchase harmful drugs or engage in risky health practices.
Given some poor quality health information available online and the possibility that reading about health online may induce unnecessary health-related concerns, the use of online health information by healthy people may harm their psychological well-being.
Nonmedical Internet Use In addition to providing health-related information and access to online health support groups, the Internet may influence health and well-being by influencing the ease with which people can access social support from family and friends.
Social communication with friends and family is arguably the most important use of the Internet [ 31 ].“Negative effects of internet” is a new article that shows you 14 negative effects when using internet on children and students.
11 negative effects of internet on students and teenagers is a new article that shows you the disadvantages of Internet. Effect is less commonly used as a verb except in the expressions: 1) have an effect on; 2) effect change, a settlement, or a decision in legal language.
HAVE AN EFFECT ON (VP) Dove Soap included average-size models in their ads to have a positive effect on the self-image of women. An explanation of the effects of the internet on me What is the effect of the metaphors an analysis of the definition of a good father and the legend of boo radley on the tone and theme of the poem?
As a child, grandpa would take me in the stores and show me different things that he is done. He was always the most proud of the Kellogg’s logo. And the left hand side of a Kellogg’s cereal box there was an icon that looked a lot like the NBC News logo. Cause and Effect Essay Sample on Internet.
Posted on February 7, by EssayShark.
The Effect of the Internet on Modern Society. This cause and effect essay sample was completed by a professional writer. Here you can find one more sample dedicated to cause and effect of school bullying. If you are having any . Young’s Internet Addiction Test, the Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire (PIUQ) developed by Demetrovics, Szeredi, and Pozsa and the Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS) are all examples of instruments to assess for this disorder.